- Massachusetts, Vermont and Hawaii are most liberal states
- Delaware has highest percentage of moderates
- Six of top 10 most conservative states are located in the South
PRINCETON, N.J. - Mississippi, Alabama and Louisiana are the most right-leaning states in the union, with between 46% and 49% of residents in each identifying as politically conservative. Massachusetts, Vermont and Hawaii are the most left-leaning, with 30% of residents in each of those states identifying as liberal.
The top 10 most conservative states in 2014 are very similar to the top 10 in 2013, with the exception of Louisiana, which was not in the top 10 list in 2013, but replaced Wyoming in the top 10 this year.
The list of the top 10 most conservative states is also similar to what it was in 2008, the first year Gallup tracked ideology daily. Mississippi was the most conservative state in 2008 and remains the most conservative in 2014, with 49% of residents identifying as conservative in both years. Three states - Louisiana, Oklahoma and Montana - were not in the top 10 list in 2008 but are in 2014, while South Dakota, Wyoming and Texas dropped out of the top 10 list over the past seven years.
Eight of the top 10 most liberal states in 2014 were on the top 10 list 2013. The other two - Connecticut and Maryland - replaced Delaware and Maine, which appeared in the top 10 in 2013. The only two states in the top 10 most liberal list this year that were not in the top 10 in 2008 are Maryland and New Jersey, and in that year, they came in ranked just below the top 10.
These results are based on Gallup Daily tracking interviews throughout 2014 with 177, 034 U.S. adults. Gallup asks Americans if they describe their political views as very conservative, conservative, moderate, liberal or very liberal. The results shown combine the two conservative and the two liberal categories.
Conservative States Mostly in the South; Liberal States on the Coasts
Six of the top 10 most conservative states are located in the South (Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, Arkansas, Tennessee and South Carolina). Three others are in the Mountain West (Utah, Wyoming and Idaho), and one is Oklahoma - straddling the Midwest/southern border.
The top 10 liberal states are primarily located in the outer longitudes of the U.S.: touching or close to the Atlantic Ocean (Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey and Maryland), and the Far West (Oregon, California, Washington and Hawaii).
The accompanying map displays the "conservative advantage, " defined as the percentage conservative minus the percentage liberal in each state. The results for each state are shown in a table at the end of the article and will be available today in Gallup's "State of the States" interactive.